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Multiple genes, interacting with the environment, contribute to the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. We performed a genome-wide search to localize type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes in a recently genetically isolated population in the Netherlands. We identified 79 nuclear families with type 2 diabetes who were related within 13 generations and performed a 770-marker genome-wide scan search for shared founder alleles. Twenty-six markers yielded a logarithm of odds (LOD) score >0.59 (nominal P < 0.05), of which 7 reached LOD scores >1.17 (nominal P < 0.01). The strongest evidence for a type 2 diabetes locus was at marker D18S63 on chromosome 18p (LOD 2.3, P = 0.0006). This region was investigated further using additional markers. For one of these markers (D18S1105), we found a significant association with type 2 diabetes (odds ratio 6.7 [95% CI 1.5-30.7], P = 0.005 for the 97-bp allele, assuming a dominant model), which increased when limiting the analysis to patients with high BMI (12.25 [2.1-71], P = 0.003). A locus on chromosome 18p in patients with high BMI was suggested earlier by Parker et al. Our study is the first to confirm this locus.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabetes

Publication Date

12/2003

Volume

52

Pages

3001 - 3004

Keywords

Alleles, Body Mass Index, Chromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18, Demography, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Founder Effect, Genes, Dominant, Genetic Markers, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genetic Testing, Genome, Human, Humans, Lod Score, Middle Aged, Netherlands