Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Elevated plasma total homocysteine concentrations are a marker of vitamin deficiency and a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is possible that vitamin supplementation with folic acid and other B vitamins, which lower plasma homocysteine concentrations, may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Large-scale clinical trials are currently underway to assess the homocysteine hypothesis of cardiovascular disease. Pending the outcome of such trials, measurement of plasma homocysteine concentrations in people at high risk of cardiovascular disease may help to identify patients who could benefit from more intensive treatment of classical cardiovascular risk factors. The introduction of immunoassays for homocysteine determination has made assessment of homocysteine status accessible to most routine hospital laboratories, and this review summarizes the evidence on why and how to assess homocysteine as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in clinical practice.

Original publication




Journal article


Ann Clin Biochem

Publication Date





624 - 632


Biomarkers, Blood Chemical Analysis, Cardiovascular Diseases, Clinical Trials as Topic, Diet, Folic Acid, Homocysteine, Humans, Hyperhomocysteinemia, Immunoassay, Mutation, Risk Factors, Vitamin B 12