Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a congenital disorder characterized by chronic respiratory morbidity. To date, there is no information on PCD-specific preference-based quality of life measures such as health utilities (HU). We cross-sectionally assessed HU in adult PCD patients and explored relationships with genotype, phenotype and quality of life (QOL)-PCD scales. METHODS: Diagnostic testing was performed according to international guidelines, while participants completed the visual analog scale (VAS), time trade off (TTO), standard gamble (SG), and EuroQol 5 dimensions (EQ5D) HU instruments, as well as the QOL-PCD questionnaire. Hierarchical regression was used to identify the QOL-PCD scales that are most predictive of HU. RESULTS: Among 31 patients, median HU are 0.75 (VAS), 0.86 (EQ5D), 0.91 (TTO) and 0.99 (SG). The underlying genotype is not associated with HU measures. VAS and EQ5D are associated with lung function, while TTO and SG values are not sensitive to any of the examined factors. Among the QOL-PCD scales, physical functioning and lower respiratory symptoms explained much of VAS (R2= 0.419) and EQ5D (R2= 0.538) variability. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that HU elicitation in PCD is feasible using both direct and indirect methods. Overall, HU scores are relatively high among adult patients, with higher scores observed in SG and TTO, followed by EQ5D and VAS. VAS and EQ5D HU values are sensitive to lung function as well as to QOL-PCD physical functioning and lower respiratory symptom scores.

Original publication




Journal article


Multidiscip Respir Med

Publication Date





Primary ciliary dyskinesia, health utilities, quality of life, rare disease