Caesarean scar pregnancy in the UK: a national cohort study.
Harb HM., Knight M., Bottomley C., Overton C., Tobias A., Gallos ID., Shehmar M., Farquharson R., Horne A., Latthe P., Edi-Osagie E., MacLean M., Marston E., Zamora J., Dawood F., Small R., Ross J., Bourne T., Coomarasamy A., Jurkovic D.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and to describe the management outcomes associated with this condition. DESIGN: A national cohort study using the UK Early Pregnancy Surveillance Service (UKEPSS). SETTING: 86 participating Early Pregnancy Units. POPULATION: All women diagnosed in the participating units with CSP between November 2013 and January 2015. METHODS: Cohort study of women identified through the UKEPSS monthly mailing system. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence, clinical outcomes and complications. RESULTS: 102 cases of CSP were reported, with an estimated incidence of 1.5 per 10 000 (95% CI 1.1-1.9) maternities. Full outcome data were available for 92 women. Management was expectant in 21/92 (23%), medical in 15/92 (16%) and surgical in 56/92 (61%). The success rates of expectant, medical and surgical management were 43% (9/21), 46% (7/15) and 96% (54/56), respectively. The complication rates were 15/21 (71%) with expectant, 9/15 (60%) with medical and 20/56 (36%) with surgical management. Discharge from care (median number of days) was 82 (range 37-174) with expectant, 21 (range 10-31) with medical and 11 (range 4-49) with surgical management. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical management appears to be associated with a high success rate, low complication rate and short post-treatment follow up. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Surgery for CSP appears to be successful, with low complication rates and short post-treatment follow up.