Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVES: Medical schools need to ensure that graduates feel well prepared for their first medical job. Our objective was to report on differences in junior doctors' self-reported preparedness for work according to gender, ethnicity and graduate status. DESIGN: Postal and electronic questionnaires. SETTING: UK. PARTICIPANTS: Medical graduates of 2008 and 2009, from all UK medical schools, one year after graduation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measure was the doctors' level of agreement with the statement that 'My experience at medical school prepared me well for the jobs I have undertaken so far', to which respondents were asked to reply on a scale from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree'. RESULTS: Women were slightly less likely than men to agree that they felt well prepared for work (50% of women agreed or strongly agreed vs. 54% of men), independently of medical school, ethnicity, graduate entry status and intercalated degree status, although they were no more likely than men to regard lack of preparedness as having been a problem for them. Adjusting for the other subgroup differences, non-white respondents were less likely to report feeling well prepared than white (44% vs. 54%), and were more likely to indicate that lack of preparedness was a problem (30% non-white vs. 24% white). There were also some gender and ethnic differences in preparedness for specific areas of work. CONCLUSIONS: The identified gender and ethnic differences need to be further explored to determine whether they are due to differences in self-confidence or in actual preparedness.

Original publication




Journal article


J R Soc Med

Publication Date





66 - 74


ethnicity, gender, junior doctors, medical education, preparedness for work, Attitude of Health Personnel, Clinical Competence, Data Collection, Education, Medical, Educational Status, Ethnic Groups, Female, Humans, Male, Physicians, Self Report, Sex Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, United Kingdom, Work