The coronary heart disease in-patient experience questionnaire (I-PEQ (CHD)): results from the survey of National Health Service patients.
Jenkinson C., Coulter A., Bruster S., Richards N.
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of data from the National Survey of Coronary Heart Disease patients to develop a core measure of patient experiences of health care. A secondary purpose was to determine whether a single summary index figure could be generated from the instrument. DESIGN: The data reported here comes from the survey of coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, which was the second in the programme of National Surveys of National Health Service (NHS) patients. It took place during 1999. After an in-patient episode for CHD, questionnaires were mailed out to patients with a covering letter and a pre-paid stamped addressed envelope. Those patients who did not reply within two weeks of the initial mailing were sent a reminder letter and, if this elicited no reply within two weeks, they were sent another copy of the questionnaire. SAMPLE: Of the 116,872 patients who were sent questionnaires, 3399 proved to be ineligible or out-of scope to the survey. Responses were gained from 84,310 (74.3% of eligible respondents). RESULTS: Reliability analysis supported the existence of seven dimensions which seem to be tapping distinct underlying phenomena: hospital environment, information and communication, patient involvement, coordination of care, discharge and transition, and pain. Higher order factor analysis indicated these dimensions constituted one factor and, consequently, can be summed to create an index figure. The construct validity of the measure was assessed, and it distinguished between groups as was hypothesised. CONCLUSIONS: The dimensions of the questionnaire have high internal reliability. Both the dimensions of the instrument and the index score were found to have high construct validity. The instrument provides a core set of issues that should be covered when assessing the quality of care for hospital patients with coronary heart disease.