Predictive value of the age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
Stähli BE., Wischnewsky MB., Jakob P., Klingenberg R., Obeid S., Heg D., Räber L., Windecker S., Roffi M., Mach F., Gencer B., Nanchen D., Jüni P., Landmesser U., Matter CM., Lüscher TF., Maier W.
BACKGROUND: This study sought to investigate the predictive value of the age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The ACEF score (age/left ventricular ejection fraction +1 [if creatinine > 176 μmol/L]) has been established in patients evaluated for coronary artery bypass surgery. Data on its predictive value in all-comer ACS patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are scarce. METHODS: A total of 1901 patients prospectively enrolled in the Swiss ACS Cohort were included in the analysis. Optimal ACEF score cut-off values were calculated by decision tree analysis, and patients divided into low-risk (≤1.45), intermediate-risk (>1.45 and ≤2.0), and high-risk groups (>2.0). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) included all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, clinically indicated repeat coronary revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, and transient ischemic attack/stroke. RESULTS: One-year rates of all-cause death increased across ACEF score groups (1.6% versus 5.6% versus 23.0%, p