Social determinants of mammography screening among women aged 50 to 59, Peru 2015.
Chang-Cabanillas S., Peñafiel-Sam J., Alarcón-Guevara S., Pereyra-Elías R.
Breast cancer (BC) screening could reduce its mortality; however, its access is influenced by societal forces. Our objective is to identify the social determinants associated with mammography screening (MS) in women aged 50 to 59 in Peru. In this cross-sectional analysis of the Peruvian Demographic Health Survey, 2015, MS within the past two years was evaluated through self-report. Prevalence for MS was 21.9% [95% CI: 18.9 to 25.1]. The average age was 54 years (s.d.: 2.5). The higher the socioeconomic status, the higher the prevalence of screening (3.2% vs 41.4% in extreme quintiles, p < .001). In the adjusted models, higher socioeconomic status (PR: 5.81, 95% CI: 2.28 to 14.79), higher education level (PR: 2.03, 95% CI: 1.30 a 3,15) and having health insurance from the Ministry of Health (PR: 2.21, 95% CI: 1.28 to 3.82) and EsSalud (PR: 4.37, 95% CI: 2.67 to 7.15), were positively associated with MS. Social inequalities in screening access exist and might translate into inequalities in cancer morbidity and mortality. The Peruvian government urgently needs to improve screening rates in these vulnerable populations.