Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The goal of this work is to establish the validity of neuroimaging models and inferences through diagnosis and exploratory data analysis. While model diagnosis and exploration are integral parts of any statistical modeling enterprise, these aspects have been mostly neglected in functional neuroimaging. We present methods that make diagnosis and exploration of neuroimaging data feasible. We use three- and one-dimensional summaries that characterize the model fit and the four-dimensional residuals. The statistical tools are diagnostic summary statistics with tractable null distributions and the dynamic graphical tools which allow the exploration of multiple summaries in both spatial and temporal/interscan aspects, with the ability to quickly jump to spatiotemporal detail. We apply our methods to a fMRI data set, demonstrating their ability to localize subtle artifacts and to discover systematic experimental variation not captured by the model.


Journal article



Publication Date





1014 - 1032


Algorithms, Analysis of Variance, Brain Mapping, Computer Simulation, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Diagnostic Imaging, Functional Laterality, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Linear Models, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Models, Neurological, Models, Statistical, Oxygen