The role of community acceptance over time for costs of HIV and STI prevention interventions: analysis of the Masaka Intervention Trial, Uganda, 1996-1999.
Terris-Prestholt F., Kumaranayake L., Foster S., Kamali A., Kinsman J., Basajja V., Nalweyso N., Quigley M., Kengeya-Kayondo J., Whitworth J.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the annual costs of information, education, and communication (IEC), both community- and school-based; strengthened public and private sexually transmitted infections treatment; condom social marketing (CSM); and voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) implemented in Masaka, Uganda, over 4 years, and to explore how unit costs change with varying population use/uptake. STUDY: Total economic provider's costs and intervention outputs were collected annually to estimate annual unit costs between 1996 and 1999. RESULTS: In early intervention years, uptake of all activities grew dramatically and continued to grow for public STI treatment, CSM, and VCT. Attendance at IEC performances started to drop in year 4. Unit costs dropped rapidly with increasing uptake of and participation in interventions. CONCLUSIONS: When implementing long-term community-based interventions, it is important to take into account that it takes time for communities to scale up their participation, since this can lead to large variations in unit costs.