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This review highlights the rising prevalence of HIV in pregnancy both in the developed and developing world. It focuses on the challenges of diagnosis and management of Pneumocystis (carinii) jiroveci pneumonia in an HIV-positive pregnant woman. Public health efforts need to continue addressing testing at the earliest opportunity, the psychosocial issues which impact negatively on the care of HIV-positive individuals and ways to reduce stigmatisation associated with this viral illness.

Original publication




Journal article


Arch Gynecol Obstet

Publication Date





1 - 3


AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections, Adult, Fatal Outcome, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Pneumocystis carinii, Pneumonia, Pneumocystis, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Infectious