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BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that systemic anticancer therapies and radiotherapy can increase the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Optimal management decisions for cancer patients therefore need to take into account the likely risks from a proposed treatment option, as well as its likely benefits. For CVD, the magnitude of the risk depends on the incidence of the disease in the general population to which the patient belongs, including variation with age and sex, as well as on the treatment option under consideration. The aim of this paper is to provide estimates of CVD incidence rates in the general population of England for use in cardio-oncology and in other relevant clinical, research and health policy contexts. METHODS: We studied a population-based representative cohort, consisting of 2,633,472 individuals, derived by electronic linkage of records from primary care with those of admitted-patient care in England during April 1, 2010, to April 1, 2015. From 38 individual CVDs available via the linked dataset we identified five relevant categories of CVD whose risk may be increased by cancer treatments: four of heart disease and one of stroke. RESULTS: We calculated incidence rates by age-group and sex for all relevant CVD categories combined, for the four relevant categories of heart disease combined, and for the five relevant CVD categories separately. We present separate incidence rates for all 38 individual CVDs available via the linked dataset. We also illustrate how our data can be used to estimate absolute CVD risks in a range of people with Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide population-based CVD incidence rates for a variety of uses, including the estimation of absolute risks of CVD from cancer treatments, thus helping patients and clinicians to make appropriate individualized cancer treatment decisions. Graphical Abstract: Cardiovascular incidence rates for use in cardio-oncology and elsewhere: A presentation of age- and sex-specific cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence rates for use in calculation of absolute cardiovascular risks of cancer treatments, and in other clinical, research and health policy contexts. Abbreviations - CVD: cardiovascular disease; y: years.

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Heart failure, Ischemic heart disease, Radiotherapy, Stroke, Systemic anti-cancer therapy, Valvular heart disease