Phase I study of pemetrexed with sorafenib in advanced solid tumors.
Poklepovic A., Gordon S., Shafer DA., Roberts JD., Bose P., Geyer CE., McGuire WP., Tombes MB., Shrader E., Strickler K., Quigley M., Wan W., Kmieciak M., Massey HD., Booth L., Moran RG., Dent P.
PURPOSE: To determine if combination treatment with pemetrexed and sorafenib is safe and tolerable in patients with advanced solid tumors. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were enrolled and 36 patients were treated (24 in cohort A; 12 in cohort B). The cohort A dose schedule resulted in problematic cumulative toxicity, while the cohort B dose schedule was found to be more tolerable. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was pemetrexed 750 mg/m2 every 14 days with oral sorafenib 400 mg given twice daily on days 1-5. Because dosing delays and modifications were associated with the MTD, the recommended phase II dose was declared to be pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 every 14 days with oral sorafenib 400 mg given twice daily on days 1-5. Thirty-three patients were evaluated for antitumor activity. One complete response and 4 partial responses were observed (15% overall response rate). Stable disease was seen in 15 patients (45%). Four patients had a continued response at 6 months, including 2 of 5 patients with triple-negative breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A phase I trial employing a standard 3 + 3 design was conducted in patients with advanced solid tumors. Cohort A involved a novel dose escalation schema exploring doses of pemetrexed every 14 days with continuous sorafenib. Cohort B involved a modified schedule of sorafenib dosing on days 1-5 of each 14-day pemetrexed cycle. Radiographic assessments were conducted every 8 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Pemetrexed and intermittent sorafenib therapy is a safe and tolerable combination for patients, with promising activity seen in patients with breast cancer.