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BACKGROUND: Early generation drug-eluting stents (DESs) reduce restenosis and repeat revascularization procedures. However, the long-term safety and efficacy of early generation DES according to diabetic status are poorly established. METHODS: A total of 1,012 patients were randomly assigned to treatment with sirolimus-eluting (n = 503) or paclitaxel-eluting stents (n = 509). Serial angiographic follow-up at baseline, 8 months, and 5 years was available in 293 patients with 382 lesions. The primary end point was a composite of major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization). Clinical and angiographic outcomes through 5-year follow-up were compared between diabetic and nondiabetic patients. RESULTS: Major adverse cardiac events were more common among diabetic than nondiabetic patients at 5 years (25.9% vs 19.2%, hazard ratio [HR] 1.45, 95% CI 1.06-1.99, P = .02). The difference in disfavor of diabetic patients was largely determined by a higher rate of cardiac mortality (11.4% vs 4.3%, HR 2.86, 95% CI 1.69-4.84, P < .0001), whereas the risk of myocardial infarction (6.5% vs 6.8%, HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.55-1.84, P = .99) and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (14.4% vs 14.1%, HR 1.09, 95% CI 0.73-1.64, P = .67) was comparable. The risk of stent thrombosis was similar among diabetic and nondiabetic patients (definite or probable: 6.0% vs 4.6%, HR 1.36, 95% CI 0.71-2.67, P = .35). Among 293 patients undergoing serial angiography, very-late lumen loss amounted to 0.42 ± 0.63 mm in diabetic patients and 0.44 ± 0.68 mm in nondiabetic patients (P = .79). CONCLUSIONS: Diabetic patients remain at increased risk for mortality after revascularization with early generation DES during long-term follow-up. Conversely, diabetes is no longer associated with an increased risk of clinical and angiographic restenosis after revascularization with early generation DES.

Original publication




Journal article


Am Heart J

Publication Date





876 - 886.e2


Aged, Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Restenosis, Coronary Stenosis, Diabetes Mellitus, Drug-Eluting Stents, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Male, Middle Aged, Paclitaxel, Proportional Hazards Models, Prosthesis Design, Reference Values, Risk Assessment, Severity of Illness Index, Sirolimus, Survival Analysis, Time, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome