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AIMS: A novel ultrathin-strut biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES) (Orsiro; Biotronik, Bülach, Switzerland) was shown to be superior to a thin-strut durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (DP-EES) (XIENCE Xpedition/Alpine; Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA) with respect to the primary endpoint of target lesion failure (TLF) at 12 months in the pre-specified subgroup of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) included in the BIOSCIENCE trial. We designed a large-scale, randomised, clinical trial to assess the clinical superiority of ultrathin-strut BP-SES over thin-strut DP-EES among patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: BIOSTEMI (NCT02579031) is a prospective, multicentre, randomised, controlled, superiority trial that will randomly assign 1,250 patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI to treatment with BP-SES or DP-EES. The primary endpoint of TLF, a composite of cardiac death, target vessel reinfarction, and clinically indicated target lesion revascularisation within 12 months, will be analysed with Bayesian models applied to the BIOSTEMI data set (n=1,250) using robust historical priors to incorporate historical information from the BIOSCIENCE STEMI subgroup (n=407). CONCLUSIONS: The BIOSTEMI trial will determine whether ultrathin-strut BP-SES are superior to thin-strut DP-EES with respect to TLF in patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





692 - 699


Absorbable Implants, Bayes Theorem, Drug-Eluting Stents, Everolimus, Humans, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Polymers, Prospective Studies, ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Sirolimus, Switzerland, Treatment Outcome