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ABSTRACT

In 1979 the Belmont Report warned about threat of “undue influence” on the ability of potential research participants to provide voluntary informed consent. The authors defined undue influence as, “an offer of an excessive, unwarranted, inappropriate or improper reward or other overture in order to obtain compliance.” The attention levied on undue influence has had profound and lasting effects on the way that individuals are recruited and compensated for their participation in research. In this paper I will describe the theoretical foundations of undue influence and argue that the concept is fundamentally flawed. Furthermore, I will provide a defense of why ethics review committees (ERCs) and institutional review boards (IRBs) should not consider undue influence in their assessment of research proposals. Lastly, I will argue that a focus on undue influence by ERCs and IRBs raises the real prospect of exploitation and discrimination of potentially vulnerable groups.

Forthcoming events

What can genotyping studies tell us about on-farm transmission routes of Campylobacter?

Monday, 04 March 2024, 1pm to 2pm @ BDI/OxPop Building LG seminar rooms

Oxford Festival of Global Health - Lovesick

Thursday, 07 March 2024, 4pm to 8pm @ The Curzon Cinema, The Westgate, Oxford

Title TBC

Monday, 15 April 2024, 1pm to 2pm @ BDI/OxPop Building LG seminar rooms

The effects of BCG on non-specific resistance to respiratory infection

Monday, 13 May 2024, 1pm to 2pm @ BDI/OxPop Building LG seminar rooms