Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: The genetic etiology of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is still largely unknown, because of its complexity and disparities in its classification. This study was undertaken to determine the genetic contribution to various early, continuous markers of POAG by assessing the heritability of intraocular pressure (IOP), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, and neuroretinal rim and optic disc parameters in a genetically isolated population. METHODS: A total of 2620 subjects (mean age, 48 years; range 18-86) from extended pedigrees living in a small town in The Netherlands underwent an extensive ophthalmic examination. Their IOP was measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry, their RNFL thickness by scanning laser polarimetry (GDx VCC), and their optic disc parameters by confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (HRT II). Risk associations were explored by linear regression analyses and heritability estimates by variance component methods. RESULTS: Inbreeding was present in 2042 (81%) participants, and was significantly associated with a higher IOP (P < 0.001). The heritability estimate for IOP was 0.35 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.27-0.43); for RNFL thickness, 0.48 (95% CI, 0.35-0.60); and for neuroretinal rim area, 0.39 (95% CI, 0.20-0.58). Nongenetic factors accounted for only a small proportion (

Original publication




Journal article


Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci

Publication Date





3669 - 3676


Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Consanguinity, Female, Genetic Linkage, Glaucoma, Open-Angle, Humans, Intraocular Pressure, Male, Middle Aged, Nerve Fibers, Myelinated, Netherlands, Optic Disk, Quantitative Trait, Heritable, Retinal Ganglion Cells