Genetic variation in the renin-angiotensin system and arterial stiffness. The Rotterdam Study.
Sie MPS., Yazdanpanah M., Mattace-Raso FUS., Uitterlinden AG., Hofman A., Hoeks APG., Reneman RS., Asmar R., Van Duijn CM., Witteman JCM.
We studied the associations of three renin-angiotensin system polymorphisms, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D, angiotensinogen 235 M/T, and angiotensin II receptor type I 573 C/T, with arterial stiffness. The study was embedded in the Rotterdam Study, a population-based study older adults. The association of the polymorphisms with pulse wave velocity, the carotid distensibility, and pulse pressure was investigated in 3706 subjects. We found no association of the ACE I/D polymorphism with pulse wave velocity, but the D-allele was associated with a lower distensibility coefficient (p = 0.05) and higher pulse pressure (p = 0.01). For the angiotensinogen 235 M/T polymorphism, no significant associations with either pulse wave velocity (p = 0.71), the distensibility coefficient (p = 0.16) or pulse pressure (p = 0.34) were found. Also, we found no significant associations of pulse wave velocity (PWV) (p = 0.32), the distensibility coefficient (p = 0.08), and pulse pressure (p = 0.09) with the angiotensin II receptor type 1 573 C/T polymorphism. No epistatic effects were observed between the three renin-angiotensin system (RAS) genes with arterial stiffness. Our findings suggest that genetic variation in the renin-angiotensin system may play a role in determining carotid distensibility and pulse pressure.