Impact of dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery bypass surgery on 1-year outcomes in the Arterial Revascularization Trial†.
Benedetto U., Altman DG., Gerry S., Gray A., Lees B., Flather M., Taggart DP., ART Investigators None.
OBJECTIVES: There is still little evidence to boldport routine dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with P 2 Y 12 antagonists following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The Arterial Revascularization Trial (ART) was designed to compare 10-year survival after bilateral versus single internal thoracic artery grafting. We aimed to get insights into the effect of DAPT (with clopidogrel) following CABG on 1-year outcomes by performing a post hoc ART analysis. METHODS: Among patients enrolled in the ART ( n = 3102), 609 (21%) and 2308 (79%) were discharged on DAPT or aspirin alone, respectively. The primary end-point was the incidence of major adverse cerebrovascular and cardiac events (MACCE) at 1 year including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident and reintervention; safety end-point was bleeding requiring hospitalization. Propensity score (PS) matching was used to create comparable groups. RESULTS: Among 609 PS-matched pairs, MACCE occurred in 34 (5.6%) and 34 (5.6%) in the DAPT and aspirin alone groups, respectively, with no significant difference between the 2 groups [hazard ratio (HR) 0.97, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.59-1.59; P = 0.90]. Only 188 (31%) subjects completed 1 year of DAPT, and in this subgroup, MACCE rate was 5.8% (HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.53-2.30; P = 0.78). In the overall sample, bleeding rate was higher in DAPT group (2.3% vs 1.1%; P = 0.02), although this difference was no longer significant after matching (2.3% vs 1.8%; P = 0.54). CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, when compared with aspirin alone, DAPT with clopidogrel prescribed at discharge was not associated with a significant reduction of adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 1 year following CABG.