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Obesity has become a serious public health problem worldwide, and dietary composition can play a role in its prevention and treatment. However, available literature on the impacts of different dietary factors on weight change is inconsistent, or even conflicting. In this review, we briefly summarized the mechanisms and influences of several major dietary determinants of weight change, with a focus on their potential in the prevention of weight gain or regain. We discussed the intake of fat, protein, total carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables, fibre, free sugars, fructose and sugar sweetened beverages, dietary energy density, portion size, eating outside home, glycaemic index and glycaemic load. Popular weight loss diets, including the Atkins diet, Weight Watchers, Ornish diet and Zone diet, are also briefly discussed for their safety and efficacy in the maintenance of weight loss.

Original publication

DOI

10.2143/AC.65.4.2053895

Type

Journal article

Journal

Acta Cardiol

Publication Date

08/2010

Volume

65

Pages

377 - 386

Keywords

Diet, Diet, Reducing, Energy Intake, Humans, Life Style, Obesity, Weight Gain, Weight Loss