Role of a functional polymorphism in the F2R gene promoter in sarcoidosis.
Platé M., Lawson PJ., Hill MR., Marshall RP., Booth HL., Kumari M., Laurent GJ., Hurst JR., Chambers RC.
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology characterized by increased inflammation, and results from gene-environment interactions. Proteinase-activated receptor-1 mediates the interplay between coagulation and inflammation. The rs2227744G > A promoter single nucleotide polymorphism has been linked to inflammation, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. Using a case-control study (184 cases with sarcoidosis and 368 controls), we show that the rs2227744A allele significantly associates with protection from sarcoidosis (P = 0.003, OR = 0.68 (0.52-0.88)).