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The 1000 Genomes Project set out to provide a comprehensive description of common human genetic variation by applying whole-genome sequencing to a diverse set of individuals from multiple populations. Here we report completion of the project, having reconstructed the genomes of 2,504 individuals from 26 populations using a combination of low-coverage whole-genome sequencing, deep exome sequencing, and dense microarray genotyping. We characterized a broad spectrum of genetic variation, in total over 88 million variants (84.7 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 3.6 million short insertions/deletions (indels), and 60,000 structural variants), all phased onto high-quality haplotypes. This resource includes >99% of SNP variants with a frequency of >1% for a variety of ancestries. We describe the distribution of genetic variation across the global sample, and discuss the implications for common disease studies.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/nature15393

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nature

Publication Date

01/10/2015

Volume

526

Pages

68 - 74

Keywords

Datasets as Topic, Demography, Disease Susceptibility, Exome, Genetic Variation, Genetics, Medical, Genetics, Population, Genome, Human, Genome-Wide Association Study, Genomics, Genotype, Haplotypes, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, INDEL Mutation, Internationality, Physical Chromosome Mapping, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci, Rare Diseases, Reference Standards, Sequence Analysis, DNA