Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Platelet responsiveness to aspirin in people with cerebrovascular disease is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine: (i) normal reference range, imprecision and reproducibility of the Multiplate instrument in healthy volunteers naive to aspirin; (ii) imprecision and reproducibility of the Multiplate instrument in acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA); (iii) the relationship between aspirin responsiveness and clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated platelet function response to three agonists [Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP), Arachidonic Acid (AA), Collagen (Col)] using the Mulitplate platelet function analyser in a two-phase pilot study. In phase 1, we recruited healthy volunteers to determine the normal reference range and imprecision of the Multiplate instrument. In phase 2, we assessed platelet function in acute stroke or TIA patients presenting to hospital. These patients were bled within 24 h of presentation and between 12 and 24 h after ≥75 mg dose of Aspirin. Patients were followed up to 1 yr to assess mortality and recurrent cardiovascular event. RESULTS: Overall, 29 healthy volunteers and 81 stroke/TIA patients were recruited. On assessing components of variance, Multiplate testing is reproducible and precise in volunteers and stroke/TIA patients. In stroke patients receiving aspirin, Bland-Altman plots show initial day 1 measurement provided a reliable measure of continuing response to aspirin at day 3. We defined one-third of patients as aspirin resistant [31.8% (95% CI: 22.1%-42.8%)] using cut off mean aggregation of ≥23.08% for AA and mean aggregation of ≥80.76% for ADP. CONCLUSION: The Multiplate device gives reproducible, precise results in volunteers and stroke/TIA patients.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/ejh.12406

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Haematol

Publication Date

02/2015

Volume

94

Pages

138 - 144

Keywords

aspirin resistance, platelet function testing, prognosis, stroke, transient ischaemic attack, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Area Under Curve, Case-Control Studies, Humans, Ischemic Attack, Transient, Middle Aged, Platelet Aggregation, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors, Platelet Function Tests, Reproducibility of Results, Stroke, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome