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To identify genetic variants associated with birth weight, we meta-analyzed six genome-wide association (GWA) studies (n = 10,623 Europeans from pregnancy/birth cohorts) and followed up two lead signals in 13 replication studies (n = 27,591). rs900400 near LEKR1 and CCNL1 (P = 2 x 10(-35)) and rs9883204 in ADCY5 (P = 7 x 10(-15)) were robustly associated with birth weight. Correlated SNPs in ADCY5 were recently implicated in regulation of glucose levels and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes, providing evidence that the well-described association between lower birth weight and subsequent type 2 diabetes has a genetic component, distinct from the proposed role of programming by maternal nutrition. Using data from both SNPs, we found that the 9% of Europeans carrying four birth weight-lowering alleles were, on average, 113 g (95% CI 89-137 g) lighter at birth than the 24% with zero or one alleles (P(trend) = 7 x 10(-30)). The impact on birth weight is similar to that of a mother smoking 4-5 cigarettes per day in the third trimester of pregnancy.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/ng.567

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Genet

Publication Date

05/2010

Volume

42

Pages

430 - 435

Keywords

Adenylyl Cyclases, Alleles, Birth Weight, Cohort Studies, Cyclins, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Ethnic Groups, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Glucose, Humans, Isoenzymes, Male, Models, Genetic, Pregnancy