Definitions and potential health benefits of the Mediterranean diet: views from experts around the world.
Trichopoulou A., Martínez-González MA., Tong TY., Forouhi NG., Khandelwal S., Prabhakaran D., Mozaffarian D., de Lorgeril M.
The Mediterranean diet has been linked to a number of health benefits, including reduced mortality risk and lower incidence of cardiovascular disease. Definitions of the Mediterranean diet vary across some settings, and scores are increasingly being employed to define Mediterranean diet adherence in epidemiological studies. Some components of the Mediterranean diet overlap with other healthy dietary patterns, whereas other aspects are unique to the Mediterranean diet. In this forum article, we asked clinicians and researchers with an interest in the effect of diet on health to describe what constitutes a Mediterranean diet in different geographical settings, and how we can study the health benefits of this dietary pattern.