Comparison of outcomes of perinatal care in Slovakia and the UK.
Kristufkova A., Korbel M., Borovsky M., Knight M.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there are differences in maternal and perinatal outcomes between Slovakia and the UK, and whether any observed variations can be attributed to differences in perinatal care. METHODS: Data on outcomes of perinatal care in Slovakia and the UK between 2006 and 2010 were compared. Perinatal mortality figures included stillbirths weighing 1000g or more and early neonatal deaths. RESULTS: In Slovakia, the perinatal mortality rate was significantly higher than that in the UK (RR 1.12; 95% CI, 1.06-1.18). Cesarean delivery was significantly more frequent in Slovakia (RR 1.05; 95% CI, 1.05-1.06); instrumental vaginal delivery was less frequent (ventouse delivery, RR 0.20; 95% CI, 0.19-0.21; forceps delivery, RR 0.09; 95% CI, 0.09-0.10). Episiotomy and peripartum hysterectomy were performed more often in Slovakia (episiotomy, RR 4.10; 95% CI, 4.07-4.12; peripartum hysterectomy, RR 2.02; 95% CI 1.65-2.47). The incidence of eclampsia was significantly higher in Slovakia (RR 1.60; 95% CI, 1.26-2.04). There were no significant differences in the rates of maternal death. CONCLUSION: Perinatal care outcomes and intervention rates differ between Slovakia and UK. This may be explained by differences in outcome definitions, perinatal care, and official encouragement of medical complaints.