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Several sets of model-based estimates (synthetic estimates) of the prevalence of risk factors for coronary heart disease for small areas in England have been developed. These have been used in policy documents to indicate which areas are in need of intervention. In general, these models have not been subjected to validity assessment. This paper describes a validity assessment of 16 sets of synthetic estimates, by comparison of the models with national, regional and local survey-based estimates, and local mortality rate estimates. Model-based estimates of the prevalence of smoking, low fruit and vegetable consumption, obesity, hypertension and raised cholesterol are found to be valid.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.10.003

Type

Journal article

Journal

Health Place

Publication Date

06/2009

Volume

15

Pages

596 - 605

Keywords

Coronary Disease, England, Female, Health Status Indicators, Humans, Male, Models, Cardiovascular, Models, Statistical, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Small-Area Analysis