The burden of risk factors for non-communicable disease in rural Bihar, India: a comparative study with national health surveys.
Ross S., Chadha K., Mishra S., Lewington S., Shepperd S., Gathani T., NCDRI study collaborators None.
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in rural India. The National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) provides estimates of the burden of NCDs and their risk factors in women aged 15-49 and men aged 15-54 years. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and body-mass index (BMI) in adults aged 35-70 years in rural India and to compare these estimates, where age ranges overlap, to routinely available data. METHODS: The Non-Communicable Disease in Rural India (NCDRI) Study was a cross-sectional household survey of 1005 women and 1025 men aged 35-70 conducted in Bihar in July 2019. Information was collected on personal characteristics, self-reported medical history and physical measurements (blood pressure, height and weight). Prevalence estimates for hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, or diagnosed and treated for hypertension), and for underweight (body-mass index