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Communicable diseases 1

Module leads

Brian Angus

Adrian Smith

Learning objectives

  • Interpret the relevant measures of the host and infectious agent that quantify the capacity of a communicable disease to manifest and spread in human populations, and choose appropriate epidemiological methods for the study of outbreaks, epidemics and the effect of interventions;
  • Describe the current epidemiological burden of HIV and malaria across the globe, and analyse the temporal, spatial and individual determinants of differences in epidemiology of both infections;
  • Outline the natural history, pathogenicity and virulence of HIV and malaria in humans, and the routes and effectiveness of transmission of both infections;
  • Compare and contrast approaches to the prevention of transmission of HIV and malaria, the empiric evidence quantifying the individual and population effect of prevention approaches;
  • Outline the different methods of diagnosis of HIV and malaria, and their roles in the public health response;
  • Outline the current therapies for malaria and HIV, their mechanisms of action and the empiric evidence of effectiveness of current approaches to treatment;
  • Outline the mechanisms and clinical consequences of drug-resistance to malaria and HIV treatment, the detection and surveillance of drug-resistance, and approaches to prevent development of drug resistance;
  • Critically analyse factors which determine policy for malaria and HIV control globally and nationally.



  1. Epidemiology and natural history of HIV: The global epidemic and local determinants
  2. Diagnosis and treatment of HIV
  3. Prevention of HIV
  4. Epidemiology and natural history of malaria: The global epidemic and local determinants
  5. Diagnosis and treatment of malaria
  6. Prevention of malaria
  7. Advanced epidemiological methods for communicable disease
  8. HIV policy presentations