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Principles of epidemiology 1

Module leads

Robert Clarke Robert Clarke

Adrian Smith

Ben Cairns Ben Cairns

Learning objectives:

  • To provide advanced knowledge and understanding of epidemiological principles, procedures, and their application to health;
  • To provide advanced training in critical appraisal, statistical analysis of epidemiological data, study design and protocol development.


  1. Scope of epidemiology
  2. Descriptive studies and disease surveillance
  3. Measures of disease frequency
  4. Literature searching
  5. Measures of association
  6. Measures of population impact
  7. Overview of study designs
  8. Study design group exercise - 1
  9. Sampling and design effects
  10. Validity
  11. Confounding and effect modification
  12. Bias
  13. Ecological studies
  14. Cross-sectional studies
  15. Cohort studies-1
  16. Case-control studies-1 (unmatched)
  17. Cohort studies-2
  18. Study design group exercise-2 (progress)
  19. Case-control studies-2 (matched)
  20. Causation
  21. Diagnosis and screening
  22. Design and validation of measurements
  23. Study conduct and management
  24. Reporting and publication
  25. Critical appraisal of studies and peer review
  26. Study design group exercise-3 (presentation)
  27. Future of epidemiology