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Principles of epidemiology 1

Module leads


Ben CairnsBen Cairns

Jennifer Carter Jennifer Carter

Hubert LamHubert Lam

Thomas Littlejohns Thomas Littlejohns 

Learning objectives:

  • To provide advanced knowledge and understanding of epidemiological principles, procedures, and their application to health;
  • To provide advanced training in critical appraisal, statistical analysis of epidemiological data, study design and protocol development.


  1. Scope of epidemiology
  2. Measures of disease frequency
  3. Infectious disease and major epidemics
  4. Measures of association and population impact
  5. Descriptive studies and disease surveillance
  6. Sampling
  7. Bias
  8. Confounding and effect modification
  9. Study design group exercise I
  10. Validity
  11. Causation
  12. Ecological and cross-sectional studies
  13. Application of epidemiology series
  14. Design and validation of questionnaires
  15. Cohort studies
  16. Application of epidemiology series: China Kadoorie Biobank
  17. Case control studies
  18. Application of epidemiology series: Case-control studies
  19. Study design group exercise II
  20. Randomised controlled trials
  21. Application of epidemiology series: Clinical trials in developing countries
  22. Diagnosis and screening
  23. Critical appraisal
  24. Introduction to social epidemiology
  25. Study design group exercise III
  26. Epidemiology module review