Self-management in people with multi-morbidity
Multi-morbidity has been described as the most common chronic condition in adults. The rise of multi-morbidity, its associated burden on population health (e.g. increased mortality and lower quality of life), healthcare budget (e.g. high use of healthcare services) and society (e.g. reduced productivity) requires a deeper understanding of multi-morbidity in order to effectively design and deliver health services. Although there is vast evidence that patient self-management is essential in the management of chronic conditions, the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of self-management interventions for people with multi-morbidity is largely unknown.
RESEARCH EXPERIENCE, RESEARCH METHODS AND TRAINING
Using mixed-methods in an observational study of people with multi-morbidity, this project will investigate a) the level of self-management, b) the provided health and social care services that support self-management in the UK, and c) the association between level of self-management and health and social care costs. This will be done by
- conducting a systematic review of the evidence on outcomes and costs of self-management in people with multi-morbidity,
- interviewing professional stakeholders and people with multi-morbidity about self-management support provided by health and social services, strategies and skills employed, and the associated costs to set-up and deliver self-management interventions for people with multi-morbidity,
- conducting an electronic survey with patients to investigate their level of self-management, received informal care, quality of life, and use of health and social care services.
There will be opportunities to learn about mixed methods research (including various aspects of qualitative and quantitative methods), applied health services research and health economics. Patient-reported outcome measurement (PROMs) and their use in clinical practice and research will be a strong feature of this project. There will be opportunities to attend training courses for example on online data collection, qualitative methods, health economics and statistics. Patient and public involvement (PPI) will feature strongly to ensure the project addresses issues of importance to patients.
FIELD WORK, SECONDMENTS, INDUSTRY PLACEMENTS AND TRAINING
The project will be conducted within the Health Services Research Unit (HSRU) in close collaboration with the Health Economics Research Centre (HERC). Both HSRU and HERC are units within NDPH.
The successful candidate should ideally have experience of conducting qualitative (e.g. interviews) and quantitative (e.g. analysis of survey data) research in patients with chronic disease. The project would suit someone with a clinical or non-clinical background who is knowledgeable in medical sociology/health psychology and health services research. Knowledge of patient-reported outcome measurement, health care policy and health economics would be an advantage.