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Individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) exhibit elevated levels of anger and anger suppression, which are both associated with increased depression, diminished quality of life, and poorer treatment outcomes. However, little is known about how anger experiences differ among individuals with SAD and whether any heterogeneity might relate to negative outcomes. This investigation sought to empirically define anger profiles among 136 treatment-seeking individuals with SAD and to assess their association with distress and impairment. A latent class analysis was conducted utilizing the trait subscales of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 as indicators of class membership. Analysis revealed four distinct anger profiles, with greatest distress and impairment generally demonstrated by individuals with elevated trait anger, a greater tendency to suppress the expression of anger, and diminished ability to adaptively control their anger expression. These results have implications for tailoring more effective interventions for socially anxious individuals.

Original publication




Journal article


J Anxiety Disord

Publication Date





21 - 29


Anger, Anger expression, Anger suppression, Latent class analysis, Social anxiety disorder, Social phobia, Adolescent, Adult, Anger, Anxiety, Depressive Disorder, Female, Humans, Internal-External Control, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Inventory, Phobic Disorders, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Quality of Life, Shame, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult