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Animal models suggest a key role for dihydroxylated vitamin D metabolites in fracture healing, as evidenced by increases in serum concentration of 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (24R,25[OH]₂D) after long bone fracture. Human studies investigating the kinetics of serum concentrations of 24R,25[OH]₂D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH]₂D) and their parent metabolite 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) are lacking. We, therefore, conducted a longitudinal study to determine whether total, free, or bioavailable concentrations of these vitamin D metabolites fluctuate in humans after long bone fracture. Twenty-eight patients with cross-shaft (diaphyseal) long bone fracture presenting to an emergency department in London, UK, were studied. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D, 24R,25(OH)₂D, 1,25(OH)₂D, vitamin D binding protein, albumin, and calcium were determined within 48 hours of fracture and again at 1 and 6 weeks postfracture. Concentrations of free and bioavailable vitamin D metabolites were calculated using standard equations. No changes in mean serum concentrations of 25(OH)D or 24R,25(OH)₂D were seen at either follow-up time point versus baseline. In contrast, mean serum 1,25(OH)2 D concentration declined by 21% over the course of the study, from 68.5 pmol/L at baseline to 54.1 pmol/L at 6 weeks (p 

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/jbmr.1855

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Bone Miner Res

Publication Date

06/2013

Volume

28

Pages

1301 - 1307

Keywords

24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D 3, Adult, Aged, Albumins, Calcitriol, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Fractures, Bone, Humans, London, Male, Middle Aged, Time Factors, Vitamin D-Binding Protein