Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Background: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a chronic neuropsychiatric disorder which has a significant detrimental impact on the health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) of patients. However, no patient-reported HR-QOL measures have been developed for this population.Objective: The development and validation of a new scale for the quantitative assessment of HR-QOL in patients with GTS.Methods: In stage 1 (item generation), a pool of 40 potential scale items was generated based on interviews with 133 GTS outpatients, literature review, and consultation with experts. In stage 2 (scale development), these items were administered to a sample of 192 GTS outpatients. Standard statistical methods were used to develop a rating scale satisfying criteria for acceptability, reliability, and validity. In stage 3 (scale evaluation), the psychometric properties of the resulting scale were tested in a second sample of 136 subjects recruited through the UK-Tourette Syndrome Association.Results: Response data analysis and item reduction methods led to a final 27-item GTS-specific HR-QOL scale (GTS-QOL) with four subscales (psychological, physical, obsessional, and cognitive). The GTS-QOL demonstrated satisfactory scaling assumptions and acceptability; both internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability were high (Cronbach alpha ≥0.8 and intraclass correlation coefficient ≥0.8); validity was supported by interscale correlations (range 0.5–0.7), confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation patterns with other rating scales and clinical variables.Conclusions: The Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS)–specific health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) scale (GTS-QOL) is proposed as a new disease-specific patient-reported scale for the measurement of HR-QOL in patients with GTS, taking into account the complexity of the clinical picture of GTS.

Original publication

DOI

10.1212/01.wnl.0000327890.02893.61

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neurology

Publication Date

2008

Volume

71

Pages

1410 - 1416