Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Patients under 55 years in the United Kingdom Medical Research Council Acute Myeloid Leukaemia 10 trial who entered complete remission were tissue typed (n = 1063). Four hundred and nineteen had a matched sibling donor and 644 had no match. When compared on a donor versus no donor basis the relapse risk was reduced in the donor arm (36%vs 52%; P = 0.001) and the disease-free survival (DFS) improved (50%vs 42%; P = 0.01), but overall survival (OS) was not different (55%vs 50%; P = 0.1). Sixty-one per cent of patients with a donor underwent transplantation. When patients were subdivided into risk groups based on cytogenetics alone or with the addition of blast response to course 1, a reduction in relapse risk was seen in all risk groups and in three age cohorts (0-14, 15-34 and 35+ years). Significant benefit in DFS was only seen in the intermediate-risk cytogenetic group (50%vs 39%; P = 0.004). The OS benefit was only seen in intermediate-risk patients (55%vs 44%; P = 0.02). The reduction in relapse risk in good-risk patients was attributable to patients with t(15;17) and not to patients with t(8;21) or inv(16). Allogeneic transplantation given after intensive chemotherapy was able to reduce relapse in all risk and age groups. However, due to the competing effects of procedural mortality and an inferior response to chemotherapy if relapse does occur, there was a survival advantage only in patients of intermediate risk. This trial found no survival advantage in children, patients over 35 years or good-risk disease.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Haematol

Publication Date

08/2002

Volume

118

Pages

385 - 400

Keywords

Acute Disease, Adolescent, Adult, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Child, Child, Preschool, Disease-Free Survival, Female, Histocompatibility Testing, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Leukemia, Myeloid, Male, Middle Aged, Recurrence, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Survival Analysis, Transplantation, Homologous, Treatment Outcome