Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIM: A pilot study was undertaken to determine the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) staging in identifying patients with high-risk colon cancers who would be considered as candidates for a neoadjuvant therapy trial (FOxTROT) and those at low risk (T1/T2) who would be excluded. METHOD: Participating radiologists from 19 centres attended workshops for standardization of image interpretation according to previously defined prognostic criteria: good prognosis tumours, including, T1/T2; intermediate prognosis, T3 < 5 mm tumour invasion beyond the muscularis propria (MP); and poor prognosis tumours, including T3 with tumour extension ≥ 5 mm beyond the MP or T4. The CT findings were compared with histopathology as the reference standard. RESULTS: Of 94 patients with radiological and pathological data, 71% were categorized by CT as having a poor prognosis. The sensitivity and specificity of CT in identifying these tumours were 87% (95% CI, 74-94) and 49% (95% CI, 33-65). Sensitivity and specificity for tumour infiltration beyond the MP (T3/T4 vs T1/T2) were 95% (95% CI, 87-98) and 50% (95% CI, 22-77), respectively. Including all CT-staged T3 and T4 patients in the trial would have increased the proportion eligible for entry to 89% (n = 84) without affecting the false-positive rate of 7%. Some 20% of T3/T4 patients would have been ineligible for FOxTROT because of synchronous metastases. CONCLUSION: In a multicentre setting, CT scanning identified high-risk (T3/4) colon cancers with minimal overstaging of T1/T2 tumours, thus establishing the feasibility of radiologically guided neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Original publication




Journal article


Colorectal Dis

Publication Date





438 - 444


Aged, Antineoplastic Agents, Chemotherapy, Adjuvant, Colectomy, Colonic Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Male, Neoadjuvant Therapy, Neoplasm Staging, Pilot Projects, Risk, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography, Spiral Computed