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Dog-rabies elimination programs have typically relied upon parenteral vaccination at central-point locations; however, dog-ownership practices, accessibility to hard-to-reach sub-populations, resource limitations, and logistics may impact a country's ability to reach the 70% coverage goal recommended by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and World Health Organization (WHO). Here we report the cost-effectiveness of different dog-vaccination strategies during a dog-rabies outbreak in urban and peri-urban sections of Croix-des-Bouquets commune of the West Department, Haiti, in 2016. Three strategies, mobile static point (MSP), mobile static point with capture-vaccinate-release (MSP + CVR), and door-to-door vaccination with oral vaccination (DDV + ORV), were applied at five randomly assigned sites and assessed for free-roaming dog vaccination coverage and total population coverage. A total of 7065 dogs were vaccinated against rabies during the vaccination campaign. Overall, free-roaming dog vaccination coverage was estimated at 52% (47%-56%) for MSP, 53% (47%-60%) for DDV + ORV, and 65% (61%-69%) for MSP + CVR (differences with MSP and DDV + ORV significant at p 

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.06.006

Type

Journal article

Journal

Vaccine

Publication Date

03/09/2020

Volume

38

Pages

6162 - 6173

Keywords

Global health, Health economics, Infectious disease, One health, Rabies, Vaccination, Zoonotic diseases, Animals, Disease Outbreaks, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Haiti, Humans, Mass Vaccination, Rabies, Rabies Vaccines, Vaccination