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This study compares nine different measures of social outcome applied to 56 patients seen 0 to 4 years after head injury. Social outcome was found to be heterogeneous: correlations between the measures and a principal components analysis both indicated that time off work (as a percentage of time since injury) was independent of most other measures of social performance. In the group studied, the best measures of non-work social performance were the Katz Adjustment Scales form 2 (socially expected activity) and Bond's Social Scale, which both showed good agreement between subject and informant ratings. If a single outcome measure is desired (to include work and non-work social performance), the most suitable measure was found to be the Glasgow Outcome Scale, original and extended versions.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

Publication Date





833 - 838