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OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment (MGA) as predictor of mortality and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: Currently used global risk scores do not reliably estimate mortality and MACCE in these patients. METHODS: This prospective cohort comprised 100 consecutive patients ≥ 70 years undergoing TAVI. Global risk scores (Society of Thoracic Surgeons [STS] score, EuroSCORE) and MGA-based scores (cognition, nutrition, mobility, activities of daily living [ADL], and frailty index) were evaluated as predictors of all-cause mortality and MACCE 30 days and 1 year after TAVI in regression models. RESULTS: In univariable analyses, all predictors were significantly associated with mortality and MACCE at 30 days and 1 year, except for the EuroSCORE at 30 days and instrumental ADL at 30 days and 1 year. Associations of cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR]: 2.98, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07 to 8.31), malnutrition (OR: 6.72, 95% CI: 2.04 to 22.17), mobility impairment (OR: 6.65, 95% CI: 2.15 to 20.52), limitations in basic ADL (OR: 3.63, 95% CI: 1.29 to 10.23), and frailty index (OR: 3.68, 95% CI: 1.21 to 11.19) with 1-year mortality were similar compared with STS score (OR: 5.47, 95% CI: 1.48 to 20.22) and EuroSCORE (OR: 4.02, 95% CI: 0.86 to 18.70). Similar results were found for 30-day mortality and MACCE. Bivariable analyses, including STS score or EuroSCORE suggested independent associations of MGA-based scores (e.g., OR of frailty index: 3.29, 95% CI: 1.06 to 10.15, for 1-year mortality in a model including EuroSCORE). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that risk prediction can be improved by adding MGA-based information to global risk scores. Larger studies are needed for the development and validation of improved risk prediction models.

Original publication




Journal article


JACC Cardiovasc Interv

Publication Date





489 - 496


Activities of Daily Living, Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Cardiac Catheterization, Cerebrovascular Disorders, Cognition, Female, Frail Elderly, Geriatric Assessment, Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation, Humans, Linear Models, Logistic Models, Male, Mobility Limitation, Multivariate Analysis, Nutritional Status, Odds Ratio, Predictive Value of Tests, Prospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Switzerland, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome