Screening for disabiliy in the inner city
Patrick DL., Darby SC., Green S.
A 10% sample of private households on the electoral register of the London Borough of Lambeth was screened for disabled persons aged 16 and over, using a postal questionnaire. After three mailings and individual follow-up of non-responders, 87% of the sample households returned questionnaires. Disability was defined in the screening questionnaire as functional limitations or activity restrictions consequent upon disease or impairment. The overall point prevalence of disability was estimated at 15.4% and the most frequently reported impairments were those of the sense organs, bones, central nervous, circulatory, and respiratory systems. Hearing difficulties were the single most frequently reported functional limitation. A log-linear modelling procedure identified age, marital status, and working status as the factors most strongly associated with disability for both men and women. In addition, men aged 50-64 and not working, and men in manual occupations and living alone, were more likely to report disability. These findings indicate that some population groups are disabled by functional limitations and activity restrictions not included in official criteria for identification and assessment. These criteria might be broadened, and services planned for those population groups with higher rates of reported disability.