Issues relating to long-term follow-up in hip arthroplasty surgery: a review of 598 cases at 7 years comparing 2 prostheses using revision rates, survival analysis, and patient-based measures.
Dawson J., Jameson-Shortall E., Emerton M., Flynn J., Smith P., Gundle R., Murray D.
We reviewed 598 cemented Charnley and Hi-nek total hip arthroplasties at 7 years. Data were obtained from general practitioners, hospital medical notes, microfilm, and patient questionnaires. Outcome measures were revision rates, survival analysis, 12-item Oxford Hip Score, and satisfaction ratings. There were 471 Charnley (79%) and 127 Hi-nek (21%) total hip arthroplasties; 139 deaths (23%) occurred, and 5 (<1%) were lost to follow-up. Characteristics of the Charnley and Hi-nek patient groups were similar, with more information missing for Charnley cases. Revision rates were Charnley, 37 (8%), and Hi-nek, 6 (5%) (not significant). Survival analysis revealed no difference between the 2 groups (P = .23). The patients' median Oxford Hip Score was low/good (19), slightly worse for the Hi-nek group (not significant). Taking all evidence together, neither implant was outperforming the other at 7 years.